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Condenser vs. Dynamic Microphones

condenser vs dynamic mics


Every person starting out in audio learns that there are two major types of microphones: condenser and dynamic. This video let’s you actually hear the difference, so you can better gauge which one you’d prefer to use, and start training your ears to recognize the difference.



Microphones being used:


Warning: Science Talk

Condenser Microphone:

This mic uses a small capacitor to transfer sound waves into electrical energy. This capacitor requires electricity to operate and is highly sensitive.

Dynamic Microphone:

This mic uses a crazy thin diaphragm of material — can be mylar, fabric, metal, or even paper — that is attached to a thin copper wire. That coil is held in place by a magnetic field and when sound hits the diaphragm, the coil moves forward and backward which generates a tiny electrical current that is converted into signal

 Science Talk Deactivated


  • Needs phantom power
  • More sensitive
  • More defined high end


  • Less electronic hiss
  • Richer and warmer sound
  • Smoother

Closing Comments

There is no right or wrong answer here. Everybody’s ears are different, but I will say, “Always use the right tool for the job.” If you want more high end, and a sensitive mic that is more likely to pick up everything then go for the condenser. If you’re looking for more low end and a warmer sound that has better room isolation go with the dynamic.

At the end of the day, it’s your decision.

What did you think about the comparison? Could your ears tell the mics apart? Share your thoughts with the community in the comments below, and spread the wealth to those in need!

Keep on learning.


Michael Heuer

Sound Design Academy


Gear Used in Video